Restore in hemato-oncology:
MaaT Pharma’s therapies for the treatment of acute Graft-vs-host-Disease and the prevention of side-effects of HSCT (hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) aim to restore healthy microbiome functions to correct the impact of stressors such as antibiotics, chemotherapies.
Pioneering a full-ecosystem approach
We are developing a novel class of microbiome therapies
to address severe medical need in oncology.
MaaT Pharma’s pipeline leverages two approaches:
Restore in hemato-oncology:
Restore & modulate in immuno-oncology:
MaaT Pharma’s therapies for the treatment of solid tumors aim to restore and modulate the microbiome to improve patient’s response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
MaaT013: Treating acute Graft-vs-host-Disease
MaaT033: Improving of HSCT outcomes for leukemia patients
The unmet need
Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HCT) is a potentially life-saving procedure for people suffering from blood cancers such as acute myeloid leukemia.
Although potentially life-saving, allo-HCT can be associated with severe complications, such as severe infections, graft-vs-host-disease, neutropenia, contributing to a mortality rate of 34% after 1 year6 in patients over 50 years of age receiving allo-HCT.
MaaT033 for improving outcomes in people receiving allo-HCT
MaaT033 is a donor-derived, standardized, high-richness, high-diversity microbiome ecosystem therapies, for ambulatory use, containing ButycoreTM , a group of bacterial species known to produce anti-inflammatory short-chain-fatty acid.
- Restoration of the full richness and diversity of a healthy microbiome and production of immune-regulating short-chain-fatty-acids known to upregulate Treg cells activity, in order to restore immune homeostasis,
- Restoration of the gut barrier, to prevent infections, especially those related to multi-drug-resistant bacteria (MDRB)
1 Castilla-Llorente. C, et al. Prognostic factors and outcomes of severe gastrointestinal GVHD after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2014 49(7):966-71. doi:10.1038/bmt.2014.69
2 Peled JU, et al. Role of the intestinal mucosa in acute gastrointestinal GVHD. Blood. 2016 128(20):2395-2402. doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-06-716738.
Staffas A, et al. The intestinal microbiota in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant and graft-versus-host disease. Blood. 2017 129(8):927-933. doi: 10.1182/blood-2016-09-691394. Erratum in: Blood. 2017 Apr 13;129(15):2204
Mathewson ND, et al. Gut microbiome-derived metabolites modulate intestinal epithelial cell damage and mitigate graft-versus-host disease. Nat Immunol. 2016 505-513. doi: 10.1038/ni.3400. Epub 2016 Mar 21. Erratum in: Nat Immunol. 2016 Sep 20;17 (10 ):1235.
3 Taur Y, et al. The effects of intestinal tract bacterial diversity on mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Blood. 2014 124(7):1174-82. doi:10.1182/blood-2014-02-554725.
Jenq RR, et al. Regulation of intestinal inflammation by microbiota following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. J Exp Med. 2012 903-11. doi: 10.1084/jem.20112408.
4 Jenq RR, et al. Intestinal Blautia Is Associated with Reduced Death from Graft-versus-Host Disease. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2015 1373-83. doi:10.1016/j.bbmt.2015.04.016.
Peled JU, et al. Intestinal Microbiota and Relapse After Hematopoietic-Cell Transplantation. J Clin Oncol. 2017 1650-1659. doi:10.1200/JCO.2016.70.3348
5 Global Data GVHD Epidemiology Report, Jan 2020.
6 EBMT data 2021
7 Malard, F., Vekhoff, A., Lapusan, S. et al. Gut microbiota diversity after autologous fecal microbiota transfer in acute myeloid leukemia patients. Nat Commun 12, 3084 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-23376-6
MaaT03X: Increasing response rate to ICI in solid tumors
The unmet need
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have proved a formidable therapeutic option for the treatment of solid tumors. They have notably improved survival in more than 15 oncology indications to date. However, not all patients respond to ICI. In some indications, it has been suggested that the gut microbiome plays a role in the response to ICI.
MaaT03X for the treatment of solid tumors
Recent research has suggested that a patient’s gut microbiome diversity and richness, as well as its composition, impacts response rate to ICI and overall survival rate in multiple indications (melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma…).
The first product candidate of this range, MaaT03X, is designed to improve response rate to ICI in an undisclosed solid tumor indication.
MaaT03X is expected to enter clinical testing in an undisclosed indication in 2022.
Article & review
- Malard F. et al. (2018). High gastrointestinal microbial diversity and clinical outcome in graft-versus-host disease patients. Bone Marrow Transplantation.
- Malard F. et al. (2021). Restoration of gut microbiota diversity with autologous fecal microbiota transfer in acute myeloid leukemia patients. Nature communications.
- Malard F. et al. (2019). Successful and safe treatment of intestinal Graft-versus-Host Disease (GvHD) with pooled-donor full ecosystem microbiota biotherapeutics. Blood. ASH congress
- Malard F. et al. (2019). Heracles: a phase II single-arm prospective study to assess the efficacy of fecal microbiota transfer (FMT) in the treatment of steroid-refractory gastro-intestinal predominant aGVHD post allo-HSCT. EBMT congress
- Mohty M. et al. (2018). The Odyssee Study: Prevention of Dysbiosis Complications with Autologous Fecal Microbiota Transfer (FMT) in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Patients Undergoing Intensive Treatment: Results of a Prospective Multicenter Trial. Blood. ASH congress
- Mohty M. et al. (2017). Prevention of dysbiosis complications with autologous fecal microbiota transplantation (auto-FMT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients undergoing intensive treatment (ODYSSEE study): first results of a prospective multicenter trial. Blood. ASH congress
- Malard F. et al. (2021). Successful and Safe Treatment of Intestinal Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GvHD) with Pooled-Donor Full Ecosystem Microbiota Biotherapeutic: Results from a 29 Patient-Cohort of a Compassionate Use/Expanded Access Treatment Program. EBMT congress
- Malard F. et al. (2020). Successful and Safe Treatment of Intestinal Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GvHD) with Pooled-Donor Full Ecosystem Microbiota Biotherapeutic: Results from a 29 Patient-Cohort of a Compassionate Use/Expanded Access Treatment Program. Blood. ASH congress
- Malard F. et al. (2020). Successful and safe treatment of intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) with pooled-donor full ecosystem microbiota biotherapeutics. EBMT congress
- Malard F. et al. (2019). The odyssee study: prevention of dysbiosis complications with autologous fecal microbiota transfer in acute myeloid leukemia patients undergoing intensive-treatment: results of a prospective multicenter trial. EBMT congress